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From the Library of
Constitution and Canons
THE GENERAL CONVENTION — HOUSE OF BISHOPS.
Boston, ioth day of the Session.
Oct. 17, 1904.
The following resolution was adopted:
Resolved, That the Constitution and Canons of the Missionary
District of Asheville, based on those of the Diocese of Southern Ohio,
be and are hereby approved.
Attest: SAMUEL HART,
Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal
in the Missionary District of Asheville.
Adopted September 10, 1899,
as subsequently amended and approved by
The House of Bishops.
The Missionary District of Asheville embraces territorially the
counties of Alleghany, Wilkes, Alexander, Catawba, Lincoln, and
Gaston, in the State of North Carolina and all that portion of the
State lying west thereof; and, as a constituent part of the Protestant
Episcopal Church in the United States of America, it accedes to and
adopts the Constitution and Canons of that Church, and acknowledges
their authority accordingly.
The Convention of the District consists as follows:
(a) Of the Bishop of the District, when there is one.
(b) Of every clergyman, not under discipline, who shall have
been for six months, next preceding the Convention, canonically
resident in the District, and in charge of, or employed as assistant
minister in, any Parish in canonical union with the District, or em-
ployed as a missionary under the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Dis-
trict, of regularly engaged as Instructor in any Parochial or Mission
school of the District, or regularly engaged as instructor in any
Church Institution, upon the Board of Trustees of which the Dis-
trict is represented, or who, having been engaged in the discharge of
any of the foregoing duties, shall have been disabled from continuing
in the same by reason of advanced years or infirm health.
(c) Of any officers of the District, who may be constituted
4 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
ex-oMcio members of the Convention by constitutional or canonical
(d) Of lay delegates from the Parishes in canonical union with
the District, and from the organized Missions in the District.
Each of the said Parishes shall be entitled to three delegates in
the Convention, and each of said Missions shall be entitled to one
delegate in the Convention.
The lay delegates shall be communicants in the Parish or Mis-
sion, which they represent, and they shall be chosen in such manner
as may be prescribed by Canon.
Annual and Special Conventions.
The Convention sail meet annually at such time and place as may
have been determined by the next preceding Convention, or in case of
no such determination, on the third Wednesday in June, at such place
as may have been designated by the Ecclesiastical Authority of the
District, but the time or place of such meeting may be changed, or
Special Conventions may be called by the Ecclesiastical Authority of
the District, subject to such provisions as may be prescribed by
Printed notice of the meeting of the Convention shall be mailed
at least thirty days before the time appointed, to every clergyman
canonically resident in the District and to the Clerk of the Vestry
of each Parish in canonical union with the District, and to the Clerk
of each Mission in the District.
In case of a special Convention, the notice shall specify the pur-
pose for which the same is called, and no business, not strictly per-
taining to that purpose shall be transacted by said Convention.
Religious Services of the Convention.
The Ecclesiastical Authority shall appoint and order the opening
service, and all other religious services of the Convention, subject,
in the absence of the Bishop, to modification by the Convention
The President of the Convention.
The Bishop of the District shall have a seat and -tote in the Con-
vention, and shall be its presiding officer.
If the Bishop of the District be not in attendance upon the Con-
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 5
vention, a President pro tempore shall be elected from among the cler-
ical members of the Convention.
The presence of one-half of all the clergy entitled to seats in the
Convention, and of a representation from one-third of all the Parishes
entitled to be represented in the Convention, shall be necessary to
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, provided, how-
ever, that any less number shall have power to meet, to receive re-
ports, and to adjourn.
Officers to be Elected by Convention.
The Convention shall elect annually, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and
one member of a Board of five Trustees of the District to serve for
five years. It shall elect trienially, a Registrar of the District, one
clerical and one lay delegate to the General Convention, with one
provisional clerical and one provisional lay delegate to the same, and
an Ecclesiastical Court to consist of five Presbyters of the District.
The foregoing officers shall respectively perform the duties which,
by canon or general usage, may be prescribed for them; and each
shall continue in office until his successor is chosen; and any vacan-
cies among the foregoing officers, arising during the recess of the
Convention, may be filled by appointment of the Ecclesiastical Au-
thority of the District. Vacancies continuing until the time of an
Annual Convention shall be filled by the same.
Mode of Voting and Elections
The Clergy and lay delegates shall deliberate in one body, and
vote as such in all elections. All elections shall be by ballot.
A vote by orders upon the decision of any question may be
called for by five members; and in such case the concurrence of a
majority of the votes in each order shall be necessary for an affirma-
tive vote. In a vote by orders, each Parish represented in the Con-
vention shall be entitled to but one vote, and a Mission in such case
has no vote.
Election to the Episcopate.
The election of a Bishop shall be made in an Annual Convention,
6 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
or in a Special Convention called for that purpose at least sixty days
before the time appointed, the object being stated by notice in
writing, and sent to everjr clergyman and vestry of the District.
The election shall be by orders, and the concurrence of a majority
of both orders present and voting shall be necessary to determine the
The Bishop, with the approval of the Council of Advice, may ap-
point a person, learned in the law, Chancellor of the District, to ad-
vise regarding any question of law which may arise in the adminis-
tration of District affairs, who shall be entitled ex-ofRcio to a seat and
vote in all Conventions, except when the vote is by orders. The
Chancellor must be a communicant and resident in the District, and
shall continue in office till death, or resignation, or revocation of ap-
pointment by the Bishop.
Suspension of Parishes or Missions.
Any Parish or Mission may be suspended from the right of lay
representation in the Convention by a vote of two-thirds of each
order, whenever the same shall be deemed conducive to the interests
of the Church; or its connection with the District may be wholly dis-
solved by canonical process.
Any Parish or Mission which shall not have paid all assessments
imposed upon it according to canon, for the District Fund, shall be,
ipso facto, suspended from the right of lay representation, and shall
remain thus suspended until its delinquency shall have been cancelled
by payment or excused by vote of Convention.
Amendment of Constitution.
The mode of altering this Constitution shall be as follows:
Every proposition for amendment shall be made in writing, and
being read, shall be referred to the Committee on Canons, which shall
report the same to the next Annual Convention, with their recommen-
dation, and .if two-thirds of the two orders voting separately shall
then approve of said proposition, either in its original form, or in
the form recommended by said Committee, and if the Bishop of the
District approve, the proposed amendment shall then be submitted
to the House of Bishops, and upon the approval of the House of
Bishops, the Constitution shall be changed accordingly.
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 7
CANONS AS AMENDED AND APPROVED BY THE HOUSE
OF BISHOPS, 1904.
Of the List of Ministers.
Section 1. Within one week before the meeting of every Con-
vention of this District, the Bishop shall cause to be prepared a list of
the Ministers canonically resident in the District, annexing the names
of their respective cures, or parishes, or stations as Missionaries, or
of the institutions of learning, in which they are engaged; and in
regard to such as are not engaged in parishes, or missions, or insti-
tutions of learning as above, their places of residence only, specify-
ing, at the same time, who of any class are Deacons; but no Clergy-
man, while suspended from the Ministry, shall have a place on such
list; and the list shall be laid before the Convention immediately after
it shall have been called to order, and the names of the Clerical mem-
bers called therefrom. The same shall be appended to the Journal,
and sent to the Secretary of the General Convention.
Sec. 2. When the right of any Clergyman to a seat in the Con-
vention is disputed, it shall be determined according to the provis-
ions of the second article of the Constitution, by the Convention
itself, whether his name be inserted in the list aforesaid or be
Of Attendance on Convention.
It shall be the duty of all Clergymen entitled to seats in the
Convention to attend the same, and of each Parish in union with
the Convention to send one or more Lay Delegates to the Conven-
tion, not exceeding three, elected by the Vestry, at least ten days
before the meeting of any Convention from among the male com-
municants of said Parish, and of each organized Mission to send one
delegate appointed by the Minister-in-charge from among the male
communicants of the Mission, and the Clerk of the Parish or Mis-
sion shall, at least five days before the meeting of any Convention,
send to the Secretary of the Convention, for delegates elected or
appointed as aforesaid, a certificate as follows:
" This is to certify that N. N., communicants in good standing
" of Church or Mission were duly appointed Lay Del-
" egates to represent the same in the Convention of the Protestant
" Episcopal Church in the District of Asheville, to be held on the
" day of , in the year of our Lord ; and that
8 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
" the semi-annual dues to the Contingent Fund of the District are
" either fully paid, or application has been made for relief in accord-
'" ance with the Canon."
This certificate shall be signed by the Rector or Minister-in-
charge, and Clerk. The Secretary of the Convention shall make a list
of the names of Delegates thus certified to him, to be used by him
at the organization of the Convention.
Of the Secretary.
It shall be the duty of the Secretary to take minutes and record
all proceedings of the Convention; to attest its public acts, preserve
its records, notify the Parishes of the times and places of meeting
of all stated and special Conventions, giving thirty days' notice, and
faithfully to deliver to his successor all books and papers belonging
to the Convention which may be in his charge. In giving notice of
the meeting of the Annual Convention, he shall send a form of paro-
chial report, and of certificate by which the appointment of Lay
Delegates is to be certified. If the Parish or Mission be vacant, this
notice shall be sent to the Clerk.
Of the Treasurer.
Section I. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to receive and
disburse all money collected under the authority of the Convention,
of which the collection and disbursement shall not otherwise be reg-
ulated, and semi-annually to notify the Teasurer of each Parish and
Mission of the amount of its dues, and when to be paid, giving twenty
days' notice. Tlis accounts, properly audited, shall be rendered annu-
ally to the Convention, and shall be examined by the Committee on
Finance. In case of a vacancy, the Bishop shall appoint a Treasurer
for the unexpired term.
Sec. 2. The Treasurer of the District shall ex-ofhcio be entitled to
a seat in the Convention, and to a voice in the discussion of all finan-
cial questions. He shall be cx-oMcio a member and Secretary of the
Committee on Finance.
Sec. 3. The salary of the Treasurer of the District shall be ($200)
two hundred dollars per annum, and he shall act as Treasurer of the
Board of Trustees of the District, if the Board so elects.
Sec. 4. Before entering upon the discharge of his duties, the
Treasurer shall file with the Trustees of the District a bond, exe-
cuted to them on behalf of the District by some reliable guarantee
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 9
company, in the sum of five thousand dollars, for the faithful per-
formance of duty, the cost of which bond shall be paid by the Dis-
trict; and all moneys, under the charge of the Treasurer, belonging
to the District, shall be kept on deposit, in the name of the District,
subject to the order of the Treasurer of the District, with such bank-
ing institution as may be approved by the Trustees of the District.
Of the Registrar.
It shall be the duty of the Registrar to gather and preserve all
such journals, files, papers, reports, catalogues, and other documents
as may be useful for reference, or furnish materials for the history of
the Church in the District of Asheville, and to hold the same under
such regulations and restrictions as the Convention may from time
to time prescribe.
Of the Trustees.
Section i. A Board of five Trustees of the District, to hold office
five years, shall be elected by the Convention, who shall hold all
property of the Missions of the District, and of such Parishes as de-
sire to have their property held in trust by the Board, and who shall
have the care of funds, such as those derived from extinct Parishes,
and who shall have care of funds for the support of the Episcopate,
and of all such as may by gift or devise for any special purpose be-
come the property of the District.
Sec. 2. At the first election of Trustees of the District under this
Canon, the whole number shall be chosen; but the term of one (to be
designated by the Board) shall expire each year, so that every year
after the first, one Trustee shall be elected, and vacancies shall be
filled for unexpired terms.
Sec. 3. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Treasurer, who shall
perform the duties usually pertaining to that office. Before entering
upon the discharge of his duties, said Treasurer shall file with the
Trustees a satisfactory bond, executed to them on behalf of the
District by some reliable guarantee company, in the sum of five thous-
and dollars, for the faithful performance of duty, the cost of which
bond shall be paid by the District. Said Treasurer shall ex-ofUcio be
entitled to a seat in all District Conventions, and to a voice in the
- discussion of all financial questions, and he shall be ex-ofRcio a mem-
ber of the Finance Committee. The Board of Trustees shall also
appoint a Secretary, who, if not a member of the Board, shall have
a seat, but not a vote, at its meetings.
10 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
Sec. 4. The Bishop shall be ex-oMcio a member of the Board of
Trustees, and, if present, shall preside at all meetings of the Board.
The Bishop or any two trustees may call meetings of the Board.
Of the Council of Advice.
Section 1. A Council of Advice, who shall perform the duties
of a Standing Commjttee for the District, shall be annually appointed
by the Bishop in accordance with Canon 13, § IV [ii] of the General
Sec. 2. Any three of the Council, the whole being summoned,
provided one be a Presbyter, shall be a quorum for the transaction
of business, when convened at the request of the Bishop. At all
other meetings a majority of the members shall be necessary to a
quorum. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Council to keep
a faithful record of the proceedings in a book provided for the pur-
pose; to preserve the original of all papers or letters addressed to
the Council; to attest their acts, and to deliver to his successor all
books and papers which in virtue of his office have been committed
to him. The minutes of the Council, and all other papers in their
hands relative to the Church, shall be subject to examination by the
Bishop, or by the Convention. A report of the acts of the Council
shall be made annually to the Convention.
Of Delegates to the General Convention.
Section 1. The Convention shall, at each regular annual meet-
ing next preceding a stated meeting of the General Convention, elect
one. Clergyman and one Layman, to act as Delegates from this Dis-
trict to the General Convention. It shall also elect one Clergyman
and one Layman, as Provisional Delegates, which Delegates and
Provisional Delegates shall represent the District until their succes-
sors are elected, and shall represent the District in any General Con-
vention, which may be held during their 'contiiiuance in office.
Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Delegates-elect to signify to
the Bishop, at least ten days before the meeting of the General Con-
vention, their acceptance of the appointment, and their intention to
perform its duties, and in case the Delegates or Provisional Delegates
cannot represent the District in the General Convention, the Bishop
shall appoint one or more as the case may be, to supply any deficiency
in the representation of this District, which may in any way occur.
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 11
And the person or persons so appointed by the Bishop, being furn-
ished with his certificate thereof, shall have all the power and author-
ity of Delegates duly elected by the Convention.
Of the District Contingent Fund.
Section i. At each Annual Convention an assessment shall be
made upon the several Parishes and Missions in the District, accord-
ing to the several abilities of the Parishes and Missions, of an amount
sufficient to satisfy the pecuniary obligations of the Convention, em-
bracing all contingent expenses.
Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Vestry of each Parish, and of
the officers of each Mission, to provide for the collection and pay-
ment of such sums as shall be assessed by the Convention as afore-
said; and the same shall be transmitted in semi-annual installments
to the Treasurer of the District.
Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of each corporation in union with
the Convention and of each organized Mission, to render, at such
time and in such manner as may be required by the Convention, a
true and faithful account of the real estate and other property owned
by said Parish or Mission, with its fairly estimated value, and also
a statement of any lien or encumbrance on the same, or any part
thereof, and the amount of interest paid in consequence of such lien
or encumbrance. And further, it shall be the duty of each Parish, or
Mission, to declare the full amount of the current expenditure of the
Parish or Mission, and of all money expended for the same, in any
way accruing including salaries and all other expenses.
Sec. 4. There shall be a Finance Committee to consider and ad-
vise regarding the finances of the District, consisting of three lay-
men, appointed annually by the Bishop, of which committee the
Bishop shall be ex-ofRcio a member, and if present shall preside at
meetings of the committee. The Treasurer of the District, and the
Treasurer of the Board of Trustees shall be ex-officio members of the
Sec. 5. The Finance Committee shall hold such meetings as
may be found necessary, one of which shall be within the forty
days- immediately preceding the next regular Convention, at which
meeting a statement shall be prepared, setting forth the financial con-
dition of the District, and estimates for the ensuing year, a copy
of which shall be sent to each minister and Parochial Treasurer and
Mission Treasurer of the District. The Committee on Finance is
hereby empowered and directed to base assessments on some fixed
and uniform plan; and the assessments shall be payable, one-half
August 1, and the other half February 1.
12 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
Applications for, modification or remission of arrearages in the
Contingent Fund shall be in writing, directed " To the Finance Com-
mittee," and shall contain a statement of the number of collections
taken in the Parish or Mission during the preceding year for Dis-
trict purposes, and the results, and the grounds upon which relief is
asked, and the reasons for the failure to make the regular collections,
in case they have been omitted.
Sec. 6. The Contingent expenses of the District shall include
the following items.
i. Publishing the Journal of the Convention, and such other doc-
uments as may be ordered by the Convention.
2. The salary of the Secretary of the District.
3. The salary of the Treasurer of the District.
4. The sum of $100 for the expenses of the Clerical Delegate to
the General Convention in attending the same.
5. The necessary expenses of members of the Ecclesiastical
Court in attendance upon Ecclesiastical trials.
6. The necessary expenses of Examining Chaplains for their
7. The necessary expenses of the Trustees of the District for
8. The necessary expenses of the members of the Council of
Advice for their work.
9. The necessary expenses of the Secretary of the District for
10. The necessary expenses of the Registrar of the District for
11. Such other expenses as may be authorized by the Conven-
Of New Parishes.
Section 1. In order to the formation of a new Parish, the writ-
ten consent of the Ecclesiastical Authority of the District must first
be obtained, and such consent shall not be granted until evidence is
given of the ability of the Parish, after organization, to pay a salary
of at least $700 per annum to a Rector.
Sec. 2. For the organization of a Parish, the following Article of
Association must be signed by at least twenty persons who intend
to be supporters of the Parish: "We, the undersigned, do associate
ourselves together for the purpose of maintaining the worship of
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 13
God, and the preaching of the Gospel, according to the doctrine,
discipline, and worship of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the
United States of America, under the name of the Parish of
Church, in the town arid county of , and
State of North Carolina, and promise conformity to the Constitu-
tion and Canon of the General Convention arid of the District of
Sec. 3. After twenty persons have signed the Article of Asso-
ciation, a meeting of the same may be called on ten days' notice. At
this meeting Vestrymen shall be elected, a name for the Parish
adopted, and such other steps taken as are necessary to the incor-
poration of the Parish under the laws of the State. The minutes of
the meeting shall be recorded in a book to be kept as a record of the
proceedings of the Vestry and Parish meetings, in which shall be
recorded the Article of Association.
Sec. 4. A certified copy of the Article of Association, and a
copy of the minutes of the meeting for organizing the Parish, shall
be sent to the Bishop without delay, together with notice that the
Parish will apply for admission into union with the Convention. At
a subsequent Convention this application shall be made, and for this
purpose certified copies of the aforesaid papers shall be presented.
Sec. 5. Any Parish which shall deem its. rights encroached
upon, or its prosperity, or usefulness endangered by the proposed lo-
cation in its vicinity of a Church or Chapel of another Parish, may
present the matter of the threatened intrusion to the Bishop of the
District, and ask his fatherly interposition in its behalf. In such case
the Bishop may call for, and appoint the time and place of, a con-
ference of delegates from the Parishes in interest. But, if such con-
ference, with the godly advice of the Bishop, shall not result in an
amicable adjustment of the difference between the parties thereto,
the Bishop, or either party in the conflict, may lay the matter at issue
before the Council of Advice of the District, and the decision of the
Council of Advice, with the approval of the Bishop, shall be final.
Of the Vestry.
Section 1. In every Parish in the District, annually, on Easter
Monday, at an hour, of which public notice shall have been given, after
prayer, there shall be held a Parish Meeting for the election of a
Vestry to consist of not fewer than five nor more than ten members,
who shall continue in office until their successors are chosen. The
Rector of the Parish, if present, shall preside at Parish Meetings. In
14 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
his absence, the order of priority for the presiding officer shall be
i. The Senior Warden.
2. The Junior Warden.
3. The Secretary of the Vestry.
Should none of the foregoing officers be present, the Parish
Meeting may elect any one of its members to preside.
• Sec. 2. Should fewer than eighteen persons qualified to vote
for Vestrymen attend the Parish Meeting, and should the Rector and
one Warden, or the presiding officer and one-sixth of those present,
concur in believing that the best interest of the Parish demand the
postponement of an election, then such presiding officer shall de-
clare the election postponed, and the Parish Meeting shall adjourn
to a designated day and hour, not fewer than seven nor more than
fourteen days after said Easter Monday; and public notice having
been given of such adjourned meeting, it shall possess the powers and
be subject to the rules of a regular Parish Meeting.
Sec. 3. With the consent of the Bishop and Council of Advice
of the District, Parishes, which cannot hold a Parish Meeting at the
time specified in Sec. 1 of this Canon, may hold their Annual Parish
Meeting for the election of a Vestry at a more convenient time of
the year. Public notice of the time and place of such meeting must
be given at least fourteen days before the meeting is to be held.
Sec. 4. The Vestry shall, upon nomination of the Rector, elect
two of its members, one as Senior Warden and the other as Junior
Sec. 5. The Vestry shall elect a Secretary, whose duty it shall
be to take and record the minutes of their proceedings, attest the pub-
lic acts of the Vestry, preserve all records and papers belonging to
the Parish, not otherwise provided for, perform such other duties as
shall be legally assigned to him, and faithfully deliver to his succes-
sor all books and documents in his possession belonging to the Parish.
Sec. 6. A Treasurer shall also be elected, to receive, disburse
and account for the funds of the Parish.
Sec. 7. In electing a Vestry, no person shall be allowed to vote
who is not at the time of such voting an adherent of the Protestant
Episcopal Church and at least twenty-one years of age, and who
has not for at least six months immediately preceding such election
rented a pew, or portion of a pew, or by a subscription or otherwise
contributed regularly to the support of the Parish; nor shall any
person vote in a Parish who is not a bona fide member of the same.
Sec. 8. To be eligible as a Vestryman, one must be a layman,
and to be a Warden, one must be a communicant.
Sec. 9. It shall be the duty of the Vestry to take charge of the
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 15
property of the church, to regulate all its temporal concerns, to elect
and call a Minister in accordance with the provisions of Canon 12,
and provide for his maintenance, to provide for paying all lawful
assessments on the Parish, to keep order in the church during divine
service, and, in general to act as helpers to the Minister in whatever
is appropriate to laymen, for the furtherance of the Gospel; it being
understood, always, that the spiritual concerns of the church are
under the exclusive direction of the Minister in subordination to the
Ecclesiastical Authority and laws of the District.
Sec. 10. The order of priority for the presiding officer at Vestry
Meetings shall be the same as is prescribed in Section one of this
Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the Wardens, especially, to
provide the elements for the Lord's Supper, to collect the alms at the
administration of the same, to keep and disburse such alms in case
the Church is destitute of a Minister, and while the Church is desti-
tute of a Minister, to provide for the holding of public worship, and
the instruction of the congregation, by occasional clerical services,
or by lay-reading, as the circumstances may permit. Meetings of
the Vestry may be called by the Rector, or, in his absence, at the re-
quest of a majority of members by the Senior Warden.
Sec. 12. Vacancies occurring in the Vestry during the year, may
be filled by the remaining members. If the Vestry should become
extinct or incapacitated for action by the death or resignation of its
members, the Bishop may call a special Parish Meeting (giving due
notice thereof) to elect a Vestry to serve till the Easter Monday next
following; and, if the Parish shall refuse or neglect to assemble and
elect a Vestry as herein provided, the Bishop, with the advice and
consent of the Council of Advice, may appoint three Trustees to
take charge of the property of the Parish, and to exercise all the
rights and functions of a Vestry, until the Parish shall elect a Vestry
under the provisions of this Canon.
Of Vacant Parishes.
The filling of vacant Parishes shall be governed in all particulars
in accordance with the provisions of Canon 14 of the General Conven-
Of Extinct Parishes.
Section 1. Whenever, in the opinion of the Bishop, a Parish has
16 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
failed in the purposes of its organization, he may report the case to
Sec. 2. Whenever the Bishop and Council of Advice think it ad-
visable to call upon the Convention to declare any Parish extinct,
before a vote is taken, the question, with all the evidence tending to
prove or disprove the existence of the facts upon which such declara-
tion, under the law, must be founded, shall be referred to the Com-
mittee on Canons, and a report made by that Committee, on a day
subsequent to the day of reference, recommending what action should,
in the opinion of the Committee, be taken by the Convention, accom-
panied by a written or oral statement of the evidence placed before
the Committee. And if two-thirds of the members present vote in
favor of declaring the Parish or Parishes named in the report extinct,
such Parish or Parishes shall become and be extinct, and title to all
the property shall at once vest in the Trustees of the District.
Of Parish Registers and Reports.
Section i. Every Minister of this District shall keep a record of
all Families, Baptisms, Confirmations, Marriages and Funerals within
his care, specifying the name, time, and place of birth, parents and
sponsors of each person baptised; the time when persons became
communicants under his charge, and whether by confirmation, trans-
fer from some other Parish, or otherwise. This record shall be kept
by the Minister in a suitable book, to be called the Parish Register,
provided by and belonging to the Vestry of the Parish which he
serves, which book shall be a part of the records of the Parish.
Sec. 2. Every Minister shall on, or immediately after, the first
day of June of each year, present or send to the Bishop or to the
Secretary of the Convention, a report of his official acts, and a state-
ment of the condition of the Parish or Missions under his charge,
according to such form as shall be furnished by the Ecclesiastical
Authority of the District, covering the Ecclesiastical Year ending
May 31 of each year.
Sec. 3. The report shall include the financial condition of the
Parish or Mission as furnished by the Treasurer of the Parish or
Of the Missionary Interests.
Section 1. The general care and management of the Missionary
interests of the Church in the District, and the duty of promoting the
co-operation of our congregations with the General Board of Mis-
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 17
sions, are entrusted to a Missionary Committee, which shall consist
as follows: Ex-officio, the Bishop of the District, who, if present,
shall preside at all meetings; Ex-officio, the Archdeacon or General
Missionary, if there be one; Ex-officio, the Deans of the Convoca-
tions; Ex-officio, the Treasurer of the District, who shall act as
Treasurer of the Missionary Committee; by annual election of Con-
vention, one Clergyman and one Layman from each Convocational
district; and such other members as the foregoing members shall
elect into the Committee.
Sec. 2. This Committee shall be charged with the appointment
of Mission Stations and Missionaries; but no Mission Station shall
be established nor Missionary appointed except upon the nomination
of the Ecclesiastical Authority of the District.
Sec. 3. The Missionary Committee shall meet quarterly at such
time and place as the Bishop may appoint, or as may be found con-
venient on their own adjournment. Three members, if one of them
is a Clergyman, shall constitute a quorum.
Sec. 4. The Missionary Committee shall appoint a Secretary,
who, if not already a member of the Committee, shall thereby become,
ex-officio a member.
Sec. 5. All moneys received for the purposes of the District
Missionary Committee shall be appropriated under its direction; but
it shall be the privilege of contributors to the Missionary cause to
designate the particular object to which their contributions shall be
Sec. 6. The Missionary Committee shall make through its Sec-
retary an annual report to the Convention of the District, which report
shall give a statement of the amounts of money expended for District
Missions and for General Missions, with the methods adopted for
raising the amounts expended.
Of Mission Stations.
Section 1. A Mission Station, when adopted by the Ecclesiastical
Authority and Missionary Committee, shall be duly organized by the
appointment of a Missionary, who, with the consent and by the au-
thority of the Committee shall appoint a Warden, a Clerk, and a
Treasurer of the Mission, charged with its temporal interests, which
officers shall be reported by the Missionary-in-charge to the Mission-
ary Committee at its first meeting after the appointment, and the
organization of the Mission shall date therefrom.
Sec. 2. Application for organization shall be made in the first
instance to the Bishop in the following form:
Rt. Rev. and Dear Sir: — We, the undersigned, residents of
18 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
-, county of , District of Asheville, having built
or secured a place of worship, and being desirous of obtaining the
services of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and being ready, ac-
cording to our ability, to sustain the same, do hereby request you to
inquire into our estate, and provide for us as you may deem proper
and expedient. We do hereby declare ourselves, individually and
collectively, ready to do what in us lies to establish and sustain the
regular worship of the said Church, and promote its influence in our
neighborhood; and we promise conformity to its doctrines, disci-
pline, liturgy, rites, and usages. We put ourselves under your charge,
and will reverently obey your authority. We promise conformity to
the Constitution and Canons of the General Convention, and of the
District of Asheville. In accordance with these obligations, we now
ask the privilege of being organized as a Mission, under the name
Sec. 3. All property of a Mission Station shall be vested in the
Board of Trustees of the District.
Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of every Mission duly organized and
of every Parish, which is aided by the Missionary Committee, to
pledge and to pay an annual sum, satisfactory to the Committee, into
its treasury in quarterly payments.
Section 1. The District shall be divided by the Bishop into Con-
vocations, not more than three in number, and the Clergy within the
several Convocations with Laymen appointed by the Rectors and
Ministers-in-charge from their Parishes or Missions, shall meet at
such time and place as each Convocation may determine, or at the
call of the Bishop or Dean of the Convocation.
Sec. 2. The officers of Convocation shall be Dean, Secretary, and
Treasurer, which shall be elected annually by the Convocation; the
Dean shall be qualified for office when his appointment is approved
by the Bishop.
Sec. 3. The Dean shall preside at all meetings of the Convoca-
tion, and shall superintend so much of the work of Convocation as
the Bishop may commit to his charge.
Sec. 4. The objects of Convocation shall be:- To devise plans
for the extension of the Church within the limits of the Convoca-
tion; to afford an opportunity for the Clergy to come together for
conference; to hold public services with discussions of religious topics
of general interest.
Sec. 5. Each Convocation shall make an annual report, through
its Dean, to the Convention.
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 19
Of the Education Committee.
Section i. There shall be appointed by the Bishop, at each an-
nual Convention of the District, a committee, consisting of five mem-
bers, three Clerical and two Lay. who shall be called the Education
Committee, of which committee the Bishop of the District and the
Archdeacon shall ex-officio, be members.
Sec. 2. The Education Committee shall be charged with the
appointment and regulation of beneficiaries of its funds; with the
collection and appropriation of funds for educational purposes; with
the appointment of teachers in the Mission schools of the District,
and with the general supervision of such schools; and with all other
business belonging thereto.
Sec. 3. It shall be the privilege of contributors to the Education
cause to designate the particular object to which their contributions
shall be applied; otherwise all contributions for education shall be at
the disposal of the Committee.
Sec. 4. The Committee shall elect its own Secretary, who, if he
be not a member of the Committee, shall thereby become a member.
The Treasurer of the District shall act as Treasurer *of the Com-
mittee. The Bishop shall call, and preside at, all meetings of the
Sec. 5. A report shall be made annually by the Committee,
through its Secretary, to the Convention of the District.
Of Lay Readers.
No one shall be considered as authorized to officiate as a Lay
Reader in this District, except in case of particular emergency, with-
out a written license from the Ecclesiastical Authority of the District,
and Lay Readers shall in all cases conform to the provisions of Canon
21 of the General Convention.
Of the Trial of a Presbyter or Deacon.
Section 1. Whenever any Presbyter or Deacon of the District
shall be thought to be guilty of any misconduct, for which, according
to Canon 23, of the General Convention, he is liable to be tried, ap-
plication may be made in writing with the name of everyone engaged
in the application subscribed, to the Council of Advice, and, if it
appear to them that the evidence is sufficient to demand a trial, they
20 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
shall forthwith present the Clergyman to the Bishop, accordingly;
the presentment shall be made in writing, signed by a majority of the
Council of Advice, and specifying with as much accuracy as possible,
the offence or offences, with particulars of time, place and circum-
stances; and every Clergyman in this District, may, for himself, re-
quest of the Council of Advice, the inquiry provided for in this sec-
tion, in which case it shall be instituted, and shall proceed according
to the provisions of this Canon.
Sec. 2. There shall be elected triennially, by ballot, by the Con-
vention, from the Presbyters entitled to seats, not members of the
Council of Advice, five, who shall be a Court for the trial of Presby-
ters or Deacons. No ballot shall have more than three names there-
on, and the five having the largest number of votes shall be the Court.
Vacancies may be filled by the Council of Advice, subject to the ap-
proval of the next Convention, by a vote of three-fourths of the mem-
bers present. The member of the Court of longest continuous can-
onical residence in the District shall be its President.
Sec. 3. Said members of said Court chosen as aforesaid, shall,
for each and every trial and case that may be brought before them,
appoint some person learned in law who is a communicant of this
Church and a citizen of North Carolina, their legal adviser, who shall
sit with them on such trial or case, and shall advise said Court upon
all questions of law, both civil and ecclesiastical, and as to all rtrtes
and forms of procedure. Said legal adviser may preside at the re-
quest of the Court, or the Court may at its option elect any one of
its members to preside during the trial. Before entering upon the
trial of any Minister who shall have been duly presented for trial
under this Canon, or pending any such trial, and with the approval,
in all cases, of the Bishop of the District, said Court shall be author-
ized as a Court of Conciliation, to adjust and dispose of the matter
so presented amicably, and without any public trial, in case, in their
judgment, it shall be advisable to do so, and with the approval of
the Bishop, as aforesaid. And in case of such amicable adjustment,
a certificate thereof, signed by the President of the Court, and ap-
proved by the Bishop, shall be sent to the Council of Advice.
Sec. 4. A written notice of the time and place of the first meet-
ing of the Court for any trial, with a copy of the presentment, shall
be served at least thirty days before such meeting, on the accused;
and also notice of the time and place of meeting on the Council of
Advice; who, by their President, or one of their members whom they
may appoint for the purpose, shall prosecute the case, and present
such oral or documentary evidence .to substantiate the' accusation, as
they may be able to obtain.
Sec. 5. If, at the time of first meeting of^the Court, the whole
number be not present, then those present may adjourn from time
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 21
to time; and if it shall appear improbable that the whole number will
attend within a reasonable time, those who do attend, being not fewer
than three, shall proceed to trial and a majority shall decide all ques-
tions; but a majority of the whole Court shall be required to render
Sec. 6. If a Clergyman shall, before the Court meets, confess
the truth of the facts of which he is accused, the Bishop may immed-
iately proceed to pass sentence; otherwise the accused shall be con-
sidered as pleading not guilty.
Sec. 7. In case a Clergyman presented and notified as above
directed shall not appear before the Court appointed for his trial, the
Court may proceed as if he were present; unless they shall see fit
to adjourn till another day. Atid if the accused shall neglect or re-
fuse to appear before the Court, after due presentment and notifica-
tion, and no sufficient reason for such neglect or refusal be given,
the Court shall report him to the Bishop for contumacy, and sentence
of suspension from the Ministry shall pass against him accordingly;
but the sentence may be reversed by the Bishop, if, within three cal-
endar months, the accused shall tender himself ready, and accord-
ingly appear and receive his trial; but, if he shall not so tender him-
self, the Bishop, in view of the acts alleged in the presentment, shall
proceed, if he thinks proper, to pronounce sentence of degradation
from the Ministry.
Sec. 8. The Court sail choose a Secretary, who shall be from
their own number, or otherwise, as they determine, and before pro-
ceeding to trial, they shall adopt and declare the rules by which the
trial shall be conducted; provided, however, that both parties may
employ and be represented in such trial by counsel, not exceeding
two for each, who shall be communicants of this Church, and citizens
of North Carolina.
Sec. 9. When the Court proceed to trial, they shall hear such
evidence as may be produced; and all oral evidence shall be reduced
to writing by the Secretary and signed by the witnesses respectivly;
and some officer, authorized by the law to administer oaths, may, at
the desire of either party, be requested to administer an oath or
affirmation to the witnesses; and the examination of witnesses and all
the proceedings of the trial shall be in public, if desired by the ac-
Sec. 10. Any Presbyter who shall, without sufficient excuse, re-
fuse or neglect to act as Trier or Church Advocate, or any clerical
or lay communicant who shall, without sufficient excuse, refuse or
neglect to testify as a witness when duly appointed or summoned,
under the Canon, shall be regarded and may be dealt with as any
other violator of the laws of the Church.
Sec. 11. Application being made to the Bishop by either party
22 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
setting forth, satisfactorily, that any material witness cannot be pro-
cured upon the trial, the Bishop may appoint some clergyman or
layman to act as a Commisisoner to take the testimony of such wit-
ness; and the party applying as above shall give to the other party
at least five days' notice of the time and place of the taking the tes-
timony; or such longer notice as the Bishop may, in writing, direct.
And both parties may attend and examine the witness, and the ques-
tions and answers shall all be reduced to writing, and signed by the
witness, and shall be certified by the Commissioner, and enclosed
under his seal, and transmitted to' the Court, and received by them
as evidence. A witness examined before such a Commissioner may
be sworn or affirmed in manner aforesaid.
Sec. 12. The Court, after considering the evidence, shall declare,
in a writing signed by them, or a majority of them, their decision
on the charges contained in the presentment, distinctly stating
whether they find the accused guilty or not guilty of such charges,
respectively; which decision, together with the evidence and an at-
tested record of all the proceedings, shall be delivered to the Bishop,
accompanied with an opinion of the Court as to what sentence should
be pronounced; whereupon the Bishop shall pronounce such sentence
as shall appear to him to be proper; provided the same do not exceed
in severity the sentence recommended by the Court, and such sentence
shall be final. But the Bishop, if satisfied that justice require it, may
give a new trial to the accused, in which case the proceedings shall
be conducted as before provided.
Sec. 13. If the Bishop of the District be connected by consan-
guinity or affinity with the party accused, he may request some other
Bishop, from one of the adjoining dioceses, who is not connected by
consanguinity or affinity with the party accused, to express his judg-
ment on the decision of the Court, to which judgment the Bishop of
the District shall conform in passing sentence or granting a new
trial. And if the District be vacant, the members of the Council of
Advice shall request the services of such Bishop as they may find
most convenient, for the performance of all such acts as are, by this
Canon, required to be done by the Bishop of the District.
Of the Dissolution of the Pastoral Relations.
All" differences between Ministers and their congregations shall
be determined according to the provisions of Canon yj of the General
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 23
Of Regulations Respecting the Laity.
All regulations respecting the removal and repulsion of commun-
icants shall be in accordance with the provisions of Canon 39 of the
Of the Suspension of a Parish.
Section 1. Among the causes for which a Parish may be dealt
with under Article 11 of the Constitution, are the following:
1. Employing a Clergyman under Ecclesiastical censure.
2. Permitting a Church edifice to be used for purposes incom-
patible with its consecration.
3. A failure to pay reasonable assessments.
4. A failure to report its true financial condition when called for.
5. Any persistent course inconsistent with the doctrine, disci-
pline or worship of this Church.
Sec. 2. No Parish shall have its connection with the District
wholly dissolved under Article 11 of the Constitution, until the al-
leged delinquency shall have been carefully investigated by a com-
mittee of Laymen, after due notice to the Parish. The action of the
Convention shall be upon the report of such committee.
Of the Solemnization of Matrimony.
In the solemnization of matrimony, Ministers shall be governed
by the provisions of Canon 38 of the General Convention.
Of Alterations in the Canons. '
Section 1. No proposition to alter or add to the Canons of the
District, shall be considered by the Convention, except at a stated
meeting and after one day's notice of the proposed alteration, given
in open Convention; nor (unless by unanimous consent) until it shall
have been reported on by the Committee on Canons of the District.
Sec. 2. No alteration or amendment of these Canons shall be
made without the approbation of the Bishop of the District, nor until
the alteration or amendment has been submitted to the House of
Bishops and has received the approbation thereof.
24 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
CANONS OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION REFERRED TO
IN THE CANONS OF THE DISTRICT OF
CANON XIII. § IV. [ii.]
Every Missionary Bishop shall appoint annually a Council of Ad-
vice, to be composed of not less than two nor more than four Presby-
ters, and an equal number of laymen, communicants of this Church,
resident within his Missionary District, who shall perform the duties
of a Standing Committee for such District, except in so far as these
Canons otherwise provide, and who shall continue in office until their
successors are appointed, and shall, so far as the circumstances of the
District permit, be governed by the Constitution and Canons that
have been adopted for such District.
Of the Filling of Vacant Cures.
§ i. When a Parish or Congregation becomes vacant, the Church
Wardens or other proper officers, shall notify the fact to the Bishop.
If the authorities of the Parish shall for thirty days have failed to
make provision for the services, it shall be the duty of the Bishop to
take such measures as he may deem expedient for the temporary
maintenance of Divine services therein.
§ 2. No election of a Rector shall be had until the name of the
Clergyman whom it is proposed to elect has been made known to
the Bishop, if there be one, and sufficient time, not exceeding thirty
days, has been given to him to communicate with the Vestry thereon.
§3. Written notice of the election, signed by the Church War-
dens, shall be sent to the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese. If
the Ecclesiastical Authority be satisfied that the person so chosen
is a duly qualified Minister, and that he has accepted the office, the
notice shall be sent to the Secretary of the Convention;, who shall
record it. And such record shall be sufficient evidence of the rela-
tion between the Minister and the Parish.
§4. A Minister is settled for all purposes here or elsewhere men-
tioned in these Canons, who has been engaged permanently by any
Parish according to the rules of this Diocese, or for any term not
less than one year.
Of Lay Readers.
§ 1. A competent person ready and desirous to serve the Church
in the public services statedly as. a Lay Reader, must procure from
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 25
the Bishop or Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese or Mission-
ary District a written license. Such license shall not be granted to
any but a male communicant of this Church, and must be given for
a definite period, not longer than one year, but may be renewed from
time to time, or revoked at any time. Such license may be given for
any vacant Parish or Mission, or for a congregation without a min-
ister, but where a Presbyter is in charge, his request and recom-
mendation must have been previously signified to the Ecclesiastical
Authority. A license shall not be granted for conducting the ser-
vice in a congregation without a Minister, which is able and has had
reasonable opportunity to secure the services of an ordained Min-
ister. If the Lay Reader be a student in any Theological Seminary,
he shall also, before acting as such, obtain the permission of the
presiding officer of such institution and of his own Bishop.
§ 2. A Lay Reader shall be subject to the regulations prescribed
by the Ecclesiastical Authority, and shall not serve in any Diocese
other than that in which he is licensed, unless he shall have received
a license from the Bishop of the Diocese in which he desires to
§3. In all matters relating to the conduct of the service, and to
the Sermons or Homilies to be read, he shall conform to the direc-
tion of the Minister in charge of the Parish, congregation, or Mission
in which he is serving, and, in all cases, to the directions of the
Bishop. He shall read only the Morning and Evening Prayer (omit-
ting the Absolution), the Litany, and the office for the Burial of the
dead. He shall not deliver sermons or addresses of his own com-
position, unless, after instruction and examination, he be specially
licensed thereto for urgent needs by the Bishop. He shall not wear
the dress appropriate to Clergymen ministering in the congregation.
Of the Dissolution of the Pastoral Relations.
§ 1. A Rector may not resign his Parish without the consent of
said Parish, or its Vestry, or its Trustees, whichever may be author-
ized to act in the premises, nor may any Rector or Minister canon-
ically or lawfully elected and in charge of any Parish be removed
therefrom by said Parish, Vestry, or Trustees, against his will, except
as hereinafter provided.
§ 2. If for any urgent reason a Rector or Minister as aforesaid,
or the Parish committed to his charge, its Vestry or Trustees, shall
desire a separation artd dissolution of the pastoral relation, and the
parties be not agreed respecting such separation and dissolution, no-
tice in writing may be given by either party to the Ecclesiastical Au-
thority of the Diocese or Missionary District. The Bishop, in case
26 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
the difference be not settled by his godly judgment, or if he decline to
consider the case without counsel, may ask the advice and consent
of the Standing Committee of the Diocese or of the Council of Advice
of the Missionary District., and, proceeding with its aid and counsel,
shall be the ultimate arbiter and judge. If the Diocese or Missionary
District be vacant, the Ecclesiastical Authority shall select a Bishop
of an adjacent Diocese or Missionary District to act as the Bishop,
and with like force and effect. The judgment shall be either that the
pastoral relation between the parties shall cease and determine at a
time and upon terms therein specified, or that the said relation shall
not be terminated; and it shall be the duty of both parties to submit
to and abide by such judgment. In the event of either party refusing
to abide by such judgment, the penalty for such refusal and the
further proceedings in the case shall be those provided by the Consti-
tution and Canons of the Diocese or Missionary District in which
such Parish is situated.
§ 3. In case of the regular and canonical dissolution of the con-
nection between a Rector or Minister and his Parish, under this
Canon, the Ecclesiastical Authority shall direct the Secretary of the
Convention to record the same.
§ 4. This Canon shall not apply in any Diocese or Missionary
District which has made, or shall hereafter make, provision by Canon
upon this subject, nor in contravention of any right of any Rector,
Minister, Parish, congregation or Vestry under the civil law.
Of the Solemnization of Matrimony.
§ 1. Ministers of this Church shall be careful to secure the observ-
ance of the law of the State governing the civil contract of marriage
in the place where the service shall be performed.
§ 2. [i.] No Minister shall solemnize a marriage except in the
presence of at least two witnesses.
[ii.] Every Minister shall without delay formally record in the
proper register the name, age, and residence of each party. Such
record shall be signed by the Minister who solemnizes the marriage,
and, if practicable, by the married parties, and by at least two wit-
nesses of the marriage.
[iii.] No Minister, knowingly after due inquiry, shall solemnize
the marriage of any person who has been or is the husband or wife
of any other person then living, from whom he or she has been di-
vorced for any cause arising after marriage. But this Canon shall
not be held to apply to the innocent party in a divorce for adultery;
Provided, that before the application for such re-marriage a period of
not less than one year shall have elapsed, after the granting of such
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 27
divorce; and that satisfactory evidence touching the facts in the case,
including a copy of the Court's Decree, and Record, if practicable,
with proof that the defendant was personally served or appeared in
the action, be laid before the Ecclesiastical Authority, and such
Ecclesiastical Authority, having taken legal advice thereon, shall have
declared in writing that in his judgment the case of the applicant con-
forms to the requirements of this Canon; and Provided, further, that
it shall be within the discretion of any Minister to decline to solem-
nize any marriage.
§ 4. If any Minister of this Church shall have reasonable cause
to doubt whether a person desirous of being admitted to Holy Bap-
tism, or to Confirmation, or to the Holy Communion, has been mar-
ried otherwise than as the Word of God and discipline of this Church
allow, such Minister, before receiving such person to these ordinances,
shall refer the case to the Bishop for his godly judgment thereupon;
Provided, however, That no Minister shall in any case refuse these
ordinances to a penitent person in imminent danger of death.
Of Regulations Respecting the Laity.
§ 1. A communicant in good standing removing from one Parish
to another shall be entitled to and shall procure from the Rector or
Minister of the Parish or congregation of his or her last residence,
or if there be no Rector or Minister, from one of the Wardens, a
certificate stating that he or she is a communicant in good standing;
and the Rector or Minister of the Parish or congregation to which
he or she removes shall record him or her as a communicant when
such letter is presented, or on failure to produce such letter from no
fault of the communicant, upon other evidence of his or her standing
sufficient in the judgment of the said Rector or Minister. Notice of
the above record shall be sent by said Rector or Minister to the Rec-
tor of the Parish from which the communicant has removed.
§ 22. When a person to whom the sacraments of the Church have
been refused, or who has been repelled from the Holy Communion
under the Rubrics, shall lodge a complaint with the Bishop, it shall
be the duty of the Bishop, unless he see fit to require the person to
be admitted or restored because of the insufficiency of the cause as-
signed by the Minister, to institute such an inquiry as may be directed
by the Canons of the Diocese or Missionary District, and shall pro-
ceed according to such principles of law and equity as will insure an
impartial decision, but no Minister of this Church shall be required
to admit to the Sacraments a person so refused or repelled, without
the written direction of the Bishop.
The Sacraments shall not be refused in any case to a penitent
person at the point to die.
28 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS
DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE.
RULES OF ORDER.
Rule I. — The order of proceedings shall be as follows:
(i.) The Convention shall meet at 10 o'clock, a. m., for Morning
Prayer and organization.
(2.) The Secretary of the preceding Convention, if present — if
not, some other person appointed by the Chair — shall call the names
of Clergy entitled to seats (Const., Art. II) and enter on the minutes
the names of those present.
(3.) The Secretary shall call the names of Lay Delegates as en-
tered upon the list provided for by Canon 2 of the Canons of the Dis-
trict, subject to such corrections as may be based on the list of de-
linquent parishes to be sent by the Treasurer of the District to the
Secretary on the day before the meeting of the Convention, and shall
enter on the minutes the names of those present, after which the Pres-
ident shall declare the Convention organized for business.
(4.) The President shall appoint a Committee on Credentials, con-
sisting of one Clergyman and two Laymen, to receive, examine and
report upon the Credentials of Lay Delegates, and to revise the Sec-
retary's list of the same. And the Treasurer of the District shall re-
port to such Committee a list of the Parishes which are in arrears
for Diocesan assessments, and no Delegate shall be reported by such
Committee as entitled to a seat in the Convention from any Parish
reported by such Treasurer as in arrears, until such Treasurer shall
have made further report to such Committee that such Parish is no
longer in arrears. In case the alternate Delegates claim the right to
seats in the Convention, the fact must be made known to the Com-
mittee on Credentials, who shall report thereon; and the persons
reported by that Committee as entitled to seats (not exceeding three
from each Parish), whether regulars or alternates, shall, if the Con-
vention approve such report, be entered upon the roll of the Secre-
tary as properly accredited Delegates.
(5.) At 10:30 a. m., a recess shall be taken for the celebration of
the Holy Communion, at which time a sermon shall be preached by
some Presbyter of the District appointed by the Bishop.
(6.) The Committee on Credentials shall next report on the ap-
plication (if any) of new Parishes for admission to the Convention
(Canon 10 of the District); and when received, the Secretary shall
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 29
call and enter on the minutes the names of the Lay Delegates repre-
senting said Parishes.
(7.) The election by ballot of a Secretary, who shall have power
to appoint an Assistant.
(8.) Appointment by the President of a Committee on Unfinished
Business, consisting of one Clergyman and one Layman.
(9.) Appointments by the President to fill any vacancies existing
in the Committee on Canons, or in the Committee on Finance, ap-
pointed by the preceding Convention.
(10.) Nominations for —
i. Missionary Committee.
ii. Delegates and Provisional Delegates to General Convention
iii. One Trustee of the Diocese.
iv. Members of the Ecclesiastical Court (triennialy).
v. Registrar of the District (triennially).
(11.) Report of Deans of Convocations.
(12.) Report of Archdeacon of the District.
(13.) Reading of the Abstract of Proceedings of the Council of
Advice of the District.
(14.) T<eport of the Committee on Unfinished Business.
(15.) Report of Special Committees of last Convention.
(16.) Report of Finance Committee.
(17.) Report of Missionary Committee.
(18.) Report of Education Committee.
(19.) Report of Committee on Canons, on matters referred to
it by previous Convention.
(20.) Motions, resolutions and miscellaneous business.
(21.) A public Missionary meeting for promoting the objects of
the Missionary and Educational interests of the District.
SECOND DAY. .
After Divine Service, the order of business shall be as follows:
(22.) Reading and approving the minutes.
(23.) Reading of the Bishop's Address.
(24.) Supplementary report of the Committee on Credentials.
(25.) Election, by ballot, of —
i. Missionary Committee.
ii. Delegates and Provisional Delegates to General Conven-
iii. One Trustee of District.
iv. Members of the Ecclesiastical Court (triennially).
v. Trustee for Sewanee.
vi. Trustee for St. Mary's.
vii. Registrar of the District (triennially).
(26.) Report of Special Committees.
30 CONSTITUTION AND CANONS '
(27.) Report of Finance Committee on Assessments.
(28.) Report of the Treasurer of the District.
(29.) Election, by ballot, of the Treasurer of the District.
(30.) Report of the Committee on Canons on new business.
(31.) Report of Committee on Sunday-schools.
(32.) Report of Secretary of the Board of Trustees of the Dis-
(33-) Report of Treasurer of the Board of Trustees of the
(34.) Appointment by the President of the following District
Committees, to continue until the close of the next Annual Conven-
I. A Committee on Canons, to consist of two Clergymen and two
Laymen, to whom shall be referred all matters pertaining to the
Constitution and Canons, and all questions of ecclesiastical law which
may arise during the session of the Convention.
II. The Committee on Finance required by Canon 9 of the
Canons of the District.
III. Other committees required by Canon.
(35.) The disposal of any unfinished business.
Rule II. — When the President takes the Chair, no member shall
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand, unless to address the
Rule III. — No member shall absent himself from the services of
the House, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend.
Rule IV. — Whenever any member is about to speak in debate, or
deliver any matter to the Convention, he shall rise from his seat, and
with due respect, address himself in an audible voice to the President,
confining himself strictly to the point in debate.
Rule V. — No member shall speak more than twice in the same
debate, without leave of the house.
Rule V. — While the President is putting any question, the mem-
bers shall continue in their seats, and not hold any private discourse.
Rule VII. — Every member present shall vote when a question is
put, unless excused bjr the Convention; and, on a vote by orders, the
name of the Presiding Officer shall be called last.
Rule VIII. — When a question is under consideration, no motion
shall be made, unless to lay it upon the table, to postpone it indefi-
nitely, to postpone it to a certain time, to commit it, to amend it, or
to divide it, and motions for any of these shall have precedence in
the order herein named.
Rule IX. — A motion to lay on the table shall be decided without
MISSIONARY DISTRICT OF ASHEVILLE 31
Rule X. — A motion to adjourn shall always be in order, and, if
unqualified, shall be decided without debate.
Rule XI. — No motion shall be considered as before the House,
unless it be seconded, and reduced to writing.
Rule XII. — A question, being once determined, shall stand as
the judgment of the Convention, and shall not again be considered
during the same session; but a question, being decided, may be recon-
sidered with the consent of two-thirds of the members present, on
a motion to that purpose by one of the majority on the first decision.
Rule XIII. — • All Committees shall be appointed by the President,
unless otherwise ordered.
Rule XIV. — The reports of all committees shall be in writing,
and shall be entered upon the minutes, unless otherwise ordered. If
recommending or requiring action or expression of opinion by the
Convention, they shall be accompanied by a resolution or resolutions
for its consideration.
Rule XV. — All questions of order shall be decided by the Presi-
dent, in the first instance; but any member may appeal from such de-
cision, and on such appeal no member shall speak more than once
without leave of the Convention.
Rule XVI. — Clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church not
entitled to seats, and candidates for Holy Orders in this District, shall
be admitted to the sittings of the Convention, and their names entered
on the Journal, on reporting themselves to' the Secretary, but without
the right of taking any part in the proceedings.
Rule XVII. — Before the final adjournment of the Convention,
the minutes of the last day's proceedings shall be read, corrected, if
necessary, and approved.
Rule XVIII. — The Rules of Order may be suspended by a vote of
two-thirds of all the members present.
Rule XIX. — The above shall be the Rules*of Order for all future
Conventions of this District, unless altered or rescinded.
FOR USE ONLY IN
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION
Form No. A-368, Rev. 8/95